In this years we are hearing more about Academic Plagiarism. Some of the famous researches were also caught on the plagiarism issues. Plagiarism spoils a good innovative research work. Some lazy researchers may not ready to prepare papers on there own words, instead they copy and paste test from some published papers to do the job. Plagiarism in Academic articles arises when extracts from another articles uses without citation, giving credit, or attribution.
Wikipedia explains, Plagiarism is defined in dictionaries as the "wrongful appropriation," "purloining and publication," or "close imitation" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions," and the representation of them as one's own original work. Stanford University consider plagiarism as “use, without giving reasonable and appropriate credit to or acknowledging the author or source, of another person's original work, whether such work is made up of code, formulas, ideas, language, research, strategies, writing or other form. The Yale University looks plagiarism as “the use of another’s work, words, or ideas without attribution” which included “using a source’s language without quoting, using information from a source without attribution, and paraphrasing a source in a form that stays too close to the original. At the time Princeton views plagiarism as the deliberate use of “someone else’s language, ideas, or other original (not common-knowledge) material without acknowledging its source and the Oxford characterizes plagiarism as the use of “a writer's ideas or phraseology without giving due credit. In short plagiarism is “appropriating another person's ideas or words (spoken or written) without attributing those word or ideas to their true source”.
Another type of plagiarism is also exist. Self-plagiarism (also known as "recycling fraud") is the reuse of significant, identical, or nearly identical portions of one's own work without acknowledging that one is doing so or without citing the original work. In the academic field, self-plagiarism occurs when an author reuses portions of his own published and copyrighted work in subsequent publications, but without attributing the previous publication.
There is also no escape to the web contents. Content scraping is now more common in Internet. It is the copying and pasting from websites and blogs without permission from the original author. But there are some free online tools are available to identify plagiarism and there is some approaches that attempt to limit online copying, like disabling right clicking and placing warning banners regarding copyrights on websites. The copyright violation instances can be addressed by the rightful content owners sending a DMCA removal notice to the offending site-owner, or to the ISP that is hosting the offending site.
Turnitin is a project from UC Berkeley graduate students, designed for a peer review application to use for their classes. Turnitin's OriginalityCheck helps instructors check students' work for improper citation or potential plagiarism by comparing it against it’s accurate text comparison database.
ithenticate claims as it has the world's largest comparison database of professional and scholarly work.
Viper is a free alternative to the plagiarism scanner ‘Turnitin’. The easy-to-use downloadable scanner, named Viper, which is 100% free for both students and teachers, scans through a huge database of millions of essays and other online sources. Download viper from the viper website.
Dustball Plagiarism Checker
The site provides a simple plagiarism checker. To check, cut and paste the sentence or paper that you want to check into the box on the site, and click the "check" button. The free plagiarism detector will find plagiarized text in the sentence or paper. You can also upload a word document to check for plagiarism.
Plagiarisma is an easy to use Plagiarism checker tool. It also have a spell checker and a Synonymizer tool.
This is an easy to use tool with a clean and neat interface. On the site you can see only the box to enter the text and associated buttons to check the plagiarism. You can also upload a text file (.txt file only) to check for plagiarism.
You can also use other tools like, plagiarismdetect and Essayverificationengine, etc.. These services may require a signup or a purchase is needed to do the process. What you think about this tools? Is these tools are enough to diminish the Academic Plagiarism effectively?